But retailers, manufacturers and transport companies have also created jobs, which, according to Ms. Swonk, showed that the recovery is not only due to the reopening of closed stores. Government aid has given Americans money to spend and the confidence to spend.
Companies also seem to be becoming more confident. Many of the jobs added in January and February were temporary, but the number of temporary positions was essentially unchanged in March, suggesting that companies were filling permanent positions instead.
Amy Glaser, senior vice president at the recruitment firm Adecco, said that in recent weeks a growing proportion of their customers have been looking for permanent employees or converting temporary employees into permanent employees.
“Our conversations have really changed in the past six weeks,” she said. “Over the past year we have planned a lot with our customers in the worst-case scenario, and now the conversation has been reversed: How do we capture the rebound in order to use it optimally?”
When Main Event Entertainment, which operates 44 family entertainment centers in 17 states, reopened its doors in June, business was initially sluggish. In recent weeks, however, the customers have returned in greater numbers.
“It was a very slow, incremental improvement, and it was a step up over the spring break,” said Chris Morris, the company’s chief executive officer. “We believe that there is a lot of catching up to do. Many birthday parties were missed. “
In response, the Main Event is making a hiring hype. The company aims to increase its workforce by around 20 percent and to fill around 1,000 positions.