Black well being leaders attempt to construct belief within the Covid vaccine amongst African People
A researcher works at a laboratory operated by Moderna Inc that said in an undated still image from a video on November 16, 2020 that his experimental vaccine was 94.5% effective in preventing COVID-19, based on interim data from one late clinical trial.
Modern | via Reuters
Dr. Lou Edje participated in the Moderna vaccine study in her healthcare system in Cincinnati, Ohio after three of her relatives died from the coronavirus earlier this year. This led her to do more to instill trust in her community and get vaccinated.
“I felt like I might be able to make a believable impact on the patients I care for every day who look just like me,” said Edje, Black and Associate Dean for Medical Education at the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine.
Although she wasn’t told if she received the actual vaccine during the trial, she had a slight swelling in her arm after the booster shot – which leads her to believe she did. This helps when patients ask what to expect.
“Some of the side effects were a little more robust the second time around, so I’m trying to tell them exactly what I went through,” she explained.
It can take months before the public are vaccinated with new vaccines once they are approved. The Food and Drug Administration is expected to quickly clear Pfizer’s vaccine for emergency use after an advisory panel overwhelmingly approved the shots on Thursday. Starting doses have been set for frontline health workers and the elderly in long-term care facilities such as nursing homes.
Still, African-American health professionals and community health groups across the country have already started reaching out in black communities hard hit by the coronavirus. According to a poll by Pew Research last month, seven out of ten African Americans know someone who was hospitalized or died of Covid. However, there is great skepticism about vaccines. Only 42% of blacks surveyed say they have been vaccinated, compared with more than 60% of Americans as a whole.
“They want to know, and have real reasons to trust. They want to know that the trial will be fair, that they are not guinea pigs for a system that is turned against them,” explained Dr. Reed Tuckson, co-founder of the Black Coalition Against Covid and former Washington, DC Commissioner for Health
The speed at which the Covid vaccine was being developed was one of the issues that many Americans have concerns about being in the first wave to get the shot. But for African Americans, the skepticism is also based in part on history. As part of the infamous Tuskegee study of syphilis, African American men were treated with placebo drugs instead of antibiotics, which they could cure, so officials could follow the disease over the years.
The Coalition on Covid has brought together major African American medical groups, including the National Medical Association and the National Black Nurses Association, as well as heads of four historically black medical schools, including Howard University and Morehouse College, to advocate for African American patients.
In the clinical arena, they have urged federal and local government officials to prioritize access for color communities where the prevalence of pre-existing conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes has increased people’s vulnerability to the virus.
“We shouldn’t let the proliferation of a life-saving vaccine worsen health inequalities. In fact, it should help narrow them down,” said Tuckson.
In terms of reach, they’ve held a number of informative town halls online with government leaders including Dr. Anthony Fauci, the country’s foremost infectious disease expert, to address specific concerns among African Americans.
They also work with community health groups, local churches, and stakeholders who can reach out to the grassroots personally from a place of trust.
“Fifty percent of one neighborhood must have the vaccine to burn out the virus in the other 50 percent,” explained Edje. “We really need to ensure that every neighborhood has some immunity so that we can make a global impact.”
The fact that it will take time for the public to gain access to the vaccine could prove to be a silver lining. Health officials say it will show people how the first wave of those who get the shot react, which can help fight skepticism and fear.